Sam Pane, a 5th grade teacher, teaches his students how to use the internet safely and determine what the purpose of any particular website is. He engages students by opening his lesson with a quote from Spiderman. Then he has his students create their own internet superheroes to do what is right on the internet. The students created comic where they were not being safe, respectful, or responsible online and they had their superhero come in and save them. The superheros resolved everything from online gossip to scams involving IPad giveaways.
Gallery walks are a great way for students to get a chance to see their classmates’ work. I could use them with many lessons ranging from art to math. A while ago I saw a lesson where students would write a math problem on a dry erase board, then everyone would rotate and solve the problem in front of them. They continued to do this until they made it around the classroom. To me this qualifies as a gallery walk because the students are moving around the room interacting with each others work. It is nice to give students sticky notes that they can stick on their peers’ desks with encouraging messages. This way they can give feedback without having to talk directly to the person.
In the article Copyright 101, Carol Simpson explains how copyrights work. Anything tangible is copyrighted, however your school may be exempted from copyright laws on certain items. But good news, facts are always up for grabs! You may also take up to 10% of most items without infringing on copyright laws. Here are the four tests for fair use: ”
- The purpose and character of the use. Will the materials be used non- commercially in a non profit education institution?
- The nature of the work being copied. Is the work published or unpublished? Is it factual or creative? Unpublished works have stronger protections than do published works. Although facts cannot be protected, the expression of those facts may be.
- The amount of the work being used. Are you using a little, a lot, or all of a work? The more you use, the less likely that the use is fair.
- The effect of your use on the market for or value of the work being copied. What would happen if everyone were to do what you are proposing? Would you deprive the copyright owner of a sale or harm the value in other ways”
Simpson states that educators can make single copies of some print materials. They may put in a request to make more copies, but cannot do so unless they are approved. Teachers may also show movies that are directly related to the lesson, however I would caution against using Disney movies. Disney is very strict about enforcing copyright infringement laws. The best piece of advice is if you don’t know ask. Often your co-workers or principle will know what you can and cannot use. If you are anywhere near the copyright limit ask the publisher for permission. By doing the things previously mentioned you are protecting yourself from being prosecuted for copyright infringement.
I was already aware of all of the elements of design listed in Kawasaik’s chapter on presentation design. My sister is majoring in marketing with a minor in business and I frequently help my father create advertisements for his business. I am also in an art class currently and we have been talking about many of these principles for the past few weeks. I love using quotes in presentations. As long as you choose an appropriate quote they can sum up your message and add credibility.
As a teacher, I am going to show my students examples of slides that are clean followed by slides that have busy images and ask them which one they would prefer to look at while listening to me teach. I’m sure that some of the students are going to choose the busy slide, but after seeing an entire presentation of them I am willing to bet that they will have changed their minds. It is very important that people learn the power of a clean presentation. We live in a world where everything is based off of technology and the people who cannot use it effectively are looked down on by those who are technologically savvy. If we want our students to keep up in the ever changing world then we need to provide them with the instruction they need in order to become good, technologically savvy presenters.
Many of my PowerPoints looked very similar to Kawasaki’s thanks to one of my high school teachers. Every time we worked on any sort of visual presentation her motto would be “keep it simple”. Whenever we had too much on one slide we would be asked to break it into two slide and see what we could take out. Only important and specific information was allowed on the slides. If it was extra, it got cut.
Kawasaki firmly believes in only having essential information on PowerPoints and using as many images as possible. I agree and believe that this is how all PowerPoints should be formatted.
The article written by Debbie Abilock discusses the importance of using the rule of thumb to determine the credibility of a website or article. She discusses what it means to be information literate by stating that people need to be skeptical or what they read and criticize it to find out how accurate the information being presented truly is. Abilock believes that teachers do have the ability to teach their students how to be information literate. However, many schools are not taking the time to make sure that their students truly understand the skills. Most schools just tell students to look for news articles or anything ending with .gov. They do not explain that these sites are credible because they use facts pulled from other credible sites or they are written by credible authors.
I believe that as teachers we are capable of teaching our students to critically think about everything they read on the internet. It is a place with a large amount of misinformation, but it is also an amazing research tool. By following Abilock’s rules of thumb, students should be able to quickly and accurately tell whether or not a site should be considered credible. This skill does take a lot of practice and teacher should begin teaching these skill as soon as the teach students how to research on the internet. This way students are prepared for the real world when they leave high school and they won’t fall victim to scams that many adults fall victim to every day.
In chapter 7 of his book, Boyd argues that there are not digital natives and digital immigrants. Instead he suggests that today’s students need to be taught how to use technology safely, and effectively to find what they are looking for. It argued that almost no one understands how Google finds its pages, and therefore they believe everything they read off of Google. Boyd argues that it is our job, as teachers, to help create technologically literate individuals that are able to sort out whether or not a site is credible on their own. Marc Prensky argues that digital natives do exist in his article Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants. He compares digital natives to people when they learn their first language, implying that the knowledge is absorbed into their brains without much active thought, and digital immigrants to people learning a second language, stating that some people will learn more or learn it faster because the brain absorbs a second language differently than it absorbs a first language. Teacher now have the job of teaching the basic or legacy concepts as well as the concepts of the future. These future projects include, technology, engineering, robotics, and ethics. Prensky argues that students are not learning well because they are not interested in how the teachers present material. Think about it. Who would rather go to a presentation than watch funny videos all day?
I tend to agree more with Prensky. I feel that as teachers it is our job to hold our students’ attention and present the information in a way that they can remember it. However, since I was six when Prensky wrote his article I feel that I am a part of the digital native group, not the digital immigrant group. Boyd also brings up a good point that students need to be taught how to find facts on any topic they are looking for. Teachers can give students lists of sites, but until the students know how to find a credible source on their own the teacher have not taught anything. It is hard to know what the future will be like in a society that is growing so rapidly, but it is our job, as educators, to provide our students with the best education possible. I believe that this means teaching they way the students learn, and making content as interesting as possible.
Recently, there has been a lot of debate on how much technology should be used in the classroom. In his article, Marc Prensky suggests that students today are bored in school because we are not teaching them the thing necessary for a successful future. Teachers ask students to turn off cell phones and put away electronics when they should be asking their students to use their devices to assist with their school work. Kathy Cassidy agrees but believes that students should only be using technology when it does something that standard materials cannot. She points out that many teachers use technology as busy work for their students who have completed an assignment. Cassidy argues that this is wrong and technology should only be used to do “good things in better ways.” A third article, written by Mary Beth Hertz, sides with Cassidy stating that a pencil can be the right technology. She argues that technology is beneficial, but it can be overused. Why use a tablet when pencil and paper will do the same thing? Herts believes that teachers can incorporate technology into their classrooms while still using paper and pencil. The issue is not whether or not to use technology in the classroom, it is how much to use and when to use it.
I agree with all three authors. I believe that technology is a very important part of education and teaching our students how to use it responsibly is part of our job as educators. Although I have never seen a classroom that incorporates too much technology I am sure that there are many teachers who use it inappropriately. Some people may argue why use a pencil when you can use a computer. To them I would say writing skills are very important and handwriting develops fine motor skills. It also allows students to hold their work in their hands as they are working on it. Many professions, such as marketing, design, and engineering, require pencil-to-paper skills. If we only ever teach our students how to use a computer they will not develop proficient pencil-to-paper skills. In summary, technology is an important part of our world and therefore should be incorporated into our classrooms. However, it is also important that we teach basic skills alongside the complex ones.